Methodology is perhaps the most challenging and laborious part of research work. A key part of your dissertation or thesis is the methodology. This is not quite the same as ‘methods’. The methodology helps to understand the broad philosophical approach behind methods of research that use for your study. That means your methodology chapter describes which data collection techniques you chose; either quantitative or qualitative or a combination of both. In this methodology chapter you will be required to give the justification as to why you select that technique over the others.
What Are the Typical Content of Methodology
The methodology usually acts as a guideline to exactly how you intend to carry out your research. Before carrying out the research the student must submit their methodology chapter. Your methodology should clearly specify that in your research or dissertation project why you chose certain data collection and analysis methods. The general methodology content includes research design, data collection methods, philosophical approach, ethical considerations, research limitations, and data analysis methods.
How to choose your Methodology and Precise Research Methods
Theme of your methodology related to literature research or research question. You can refer book or article from your college or university library to get an idea about your research work. This helps you to identify your broad research philosophy and then you can chose method related to that. This is the best method to get further ideas of your research. Doing this process you find researchers who either support it or don’t. And clarify why you decided to choose this topic and what are its limitations.
How to Structuring Your Methodology Chapter
The structure of the methodology chapter is:
- Research Design & Strategy
- Philosophical Approach
- Data Collection and Data Analysis Method
- Ethical Considerations, Reliability, Limitations
Research Design and strategy: Here specifies why your chosen research design is the best to address the research problem. And also include review of the existing literature. Clearly specify the hypothesis of your research and chosen methods of data analysis for the testing of the hypothesis.
Philosophical Approach: Here specifies how to strengthen your research and research model with your chosen philosophy. You can choose your philosophy with your academic subject and type and the complexity of research study. After choosing philosophy, nest step will be to describe the context of you research. Here you find all the answers of W questions including What, When, Where, Why, How in your research. And also make decision whether you will be using qualitative method, quantitative method or mix of both. Choose your hypothesis and defining your hypothesis and testing it against reality.
Data Collection and Data Analysis Method: Here you clearly state how to gather your data and which tool used to analysis it. Your supervisor would want to see a correlation between your findings and the hypothesis questions on which based on your study at the very beginning.
Ethical Considerations, Reliability and Limitations: In ethical consideration include data protection, data handling and data confidentiality. As a researcher, make sure that your research does not harm anyone in anyway. Make sure if you a reliable researcher, your study should be both authentic and reliable. A good researcher will always accept the limitations of their research study. May this limitation will decrease the reliability of your result.
Make sure to do the following when composing your Methodology:
- Explain which methods used in researching and developing of your report.
- Use a descriptive writing approach. Here explain which research methods you used to collect your information.
- Do not include in your methodology your questionnaires, interview transcripts, etc.
- Discuss with your project supervisor in each development of your research.